Male Northern Cardinal. A fairly large, long-tailed songbird with a short, very thick bill and a prominent crest. Cardinals often sit with a hunched-over posture and with the tail pointed straight down.  Male cardinals are brilliant red all over, with a reddish bill and black face immediately around the bill. Females are pale brown overall with warm reddish tinges in the wings, tail, and crest. They have the same black face and red-orange bill.

Photograph taken on 30 January and 1 February 2010 at O'Hara Drive, Kanata, Ottawa, Canada.  For more information on these birds, see


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Last updated Friday, 25 April 2014