The apple (Malus domestica) is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree, species Malus domestica in the rose family (Rosaceae). It is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits, and the most widely known of the many members of genus Malus that are used by humans. Apples grow on small, deciduous trees. The tree originated in Central Asia, where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and were brought to North America by European colonists. Apples have been present in the mythology and religions of many cultures, including Norse, Greek and Christian traditions. In 2010, the fruit's genome was decoded, leading to new understandings of disease control and selective breeding in apple production.
The Spartan apple is an apple cultivar developed by Dr. R.C Palmer
and introduced in 1936 from the Federal Agriculture Research Station
in Summerland, British Columbia, now known as the Pacific Agri-food
Research Centre - Summerland. The Spartan is notable for being
the first new breed of apple produced from a formal scientific
breeding program. The apple was supposed to be a cross between
two North American varieties, the McIntosh and the Newtown Pippin,
but recently, it was discovered through genetic analysis that it
didn't have the Newtown Pippin as one of the parents and its
identity remains a mystery. The Spartan apple is considered a good
all-purpose apple. The apple is of medium size and has a bright
red blush, but can have background patches of greens and yellows.
Information from Wikipedia
Photographs taken on 20 May 2011 (blossom) and 17 September 2011 (fruit) in Jordanstown, County Antrim.
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Last updated Thursday April 24, 2014